Valmet 359D

1959 Valmet 359D – The improved diesel model

Product history

1956 Valmet 309 D engine and Valmet 33 D tractor
1956 1 Read more

The 33D was the first diesel-powered Valmet tractor. Unveiled in 195, it entered production in 1957. Altogether 1537 units were manufactured until its replacement, the 359D, was introduced in 1959. The new model featured a wide range of improvements. The 359D was still powered by the Valmet 309D engine, producing 37 horsepower from 2.7 litres. The engine was nevertheless reinforced, increasing the weight from 1700 to 1790 kilos. Whereas the heat and oil pressure gauges had been located under the engine cover on the 33D, on the new model they were moved to the dashboard. The large and easy-to-read gauges were manufactured by Valmet’s instrument factory.

The hydraulics were also improved, with the pump placed directly at the front end of the crankshaft. In addition, separate oil containers were introduced for the hydraulics, making it possible to use a more flexible grade of oil in wintertime. This feature has been preserved right up to the Valtra A2 Series.

The gear lever on both the Valmet 33D and 359D may have surprised some unsuspecting drivers. Instead of an H pattern, there were positions for forward, neutral and reverse. The gear knob was T-shaped, and first gear was engaged by rotating the lever to the left and pushing forward. Similarly, reverse was activated by pulling backwards. When in neutral, second gear was engaged by rotating the knob the other way and pushing forward or backwards for reverse. The range gear lever was alongside, giving a total of 6+2R speeds.

Valmet exports to China began in August 1958 and to Brazil the following year. The Brazilian Valmet was designated the 360D. The Brazilian 360D was otherwise identical to the 359D, except the engine was an MWM 2.6-litre 3-cylinder pre-combustion chamber diesel producing 40 horsepower. The concept for this tractor was excellent. A 6+2R transmission that first entered production with the 359D is still manufactured in Brazil. This transmission is used today in the 685 ATS model, although now it is synchronised.

  • Valmet 359D in short:
  • Engine: Valmet 309D (37 hp)
  • Transmission: 6+2R
  • Front tyre size: 6,00-19
  • Rear tyre size: 11-28
  • Weight: 1790 kg
The Valmet 359D was an improved version of the Valmet 33D. The front frame was a single cast component and hydraulic oil was stored separately in a tank by the top of the steps

The Valmet 359D was an improved version of the Valmet 33D. The front frame was a single cast component and hydraulic oil was stored separately in a tank by the top of the steps.